Learn About Tea

Learn About Tea

 

White Tea

White Tea is made from young tea leaves and buds to make the delicate and smooth texture. The lightly oxidized tea leaves are often left to wither and dry under the sun. The name ‘White Tea’ comes from the fine silvery white hairs on the unopened bus of the tea plants giving the plant a whitish appearance. The tea however, is not white itself but a pale yellow colour.

White Tea contains the most antioxidants compared to others teas mainly due to the preparation process. Research reveals that White Tea has 10 times more antioxidants than Vitamin E with high doses of Polyphenol. Polyphenol antioxidants found in White Tea have been found to lower undesirable fats in the blood helping you to lose weight. The tea also contains another antioxidant called Catechins which help reduce cholesterol and decrease blood pressure, lowering the risk of cardiovascular disease. White Tea has also proved to be effective at fighting bacteria known to cause oral health problems. The protected nutrients in the tea also help protect the body from damage by free radicals which contribute towards premature aging.

White Tea has also shown positive results in helping fight Cancer such as Prostate, Stomach or Colon. Other benefits include greater and stronger bone density.

 

              Silver Needle Tea白毫銀針

Silver Needle is the most commonly known White Tea. The tea is made from leaves and buds gathered between mid-March and early April and is less ‘processed’ to maintain all those helpful antioxidants and health benefits. Silver Needle Tea is one of the finest and most delicate White Tea’s with a refreshingly sweet and smooth taste making it the perfect daily beverage. It can be served as a cold drink on a hot summer’s day or as a warm drink in the cold winters.

The Silver Needle Tea has proven to have the many health benefits White Tea’s possess. Due to the tea being less processed it is very high in antioxidants, which are natural chemical compounds that kill free radicals. Free radicals are the underlying source of many serious diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer.

The tea is also packed with Catechins which are also known as super antioxidants due to their ability to neutralize harmful fats and oils to help lower cholesterol. They also prevent bacteria and viruses from growing whilst improving digestion.

There are also weight loss benefits because of the tea increase metabolism and encourages the body to burn more fat. There are no calories, fat sugars or carbohydrates in tea.

Silver Needle Tea is a good relaxant due to it being high in Theanine which is a natural supplement which reduces stress and anxiety.

Brewing guidelines:       3-4 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 80℃, around 2 minutes in 1st infusion and gradually increase the time in each infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

 

White Peony白牡丹

White Peony or Bai Mudan Tea is another type of White Tea made from plucks each with one leaf shoot and two young leaves. White Peony Tea has a fuller flavour and greater potency compared to other White Teas. Like other White Teas this tea is packed with polyphenol antioxidants which are great in helping fight bacteria and viruses.

Due to their many bacteria and virus fighting properties a daily cup of White Peony Tea will help you boost your immune system. The tea, like most White Teas, have anti-fungal properties which help prevent gum diseases such as tooth decay, gum damage, plaque and bad breath.

Drinking White Peony is also a great way to protect your heart. Antioxidants found in White Teas help lower blood pressure and promote blood circulation helping you avoid blood clots.

The Tea also promotes high metabolism helping you burn fat faster and lose weight.

Brewing guidelines        3-4 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 80℃, around 2 minutes in 1st infusion and gradually increase the time in each infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

 

Green Tea

Green Tea, unlike White Tea, is more nutty and sweet. The leaves are not oxidized and are heated as soon as they are picked to prevent this as well as keeping the infamous green colour. Green Tea is not oxidized so that the leaves retain as much naturally occurring chemicals to give Green Tea their infamous health benefits.

These many benefits include anti aging benefits which help fight daily free radicals which harm our skin such as pollution and UV rays. The antioxidants in Green Tea help rejuvenate skill cells to fight the affects of these free radicals. Studies have also suggested that Green Tea help fight several types of cancers such as lung cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer. The reason for this is that Green Tea contains an antioxidant called Epigallocatechin Gallate that acts as a potential cancer fighting agent targeting the cancer cells whilst leaving the healthy cells untouched.

Several studies have also shown that Catechins in teas act as so called “hypolipidemics” which helps lower the amount of bad cholesterol in the body (LDL) whilst increasing the amount of good cholesterol (HDL). Catechins along with Caffeine and an amino acid called Theanine collectively contribute towards weight loss by helping suppress the body’s production of fatty acids and regulate metabolism.

Green Tea also helps prevent gum diseases as Green Tea is a big natural source of Fluoride, which is used worldwide in drinking water and toothpaste as the number one way to help prevent gum disease. Green Tea along with its anti-bacterial properties helps you naturally strengthen teeth whilst preventing gum disease.

 

              Dragon Well Tea龍井

Dragon Well is one of the most famous and popular green teas of China having a gentle pure aroma with rich flavours. Without fermentation the green tea is rich in Vitamin C, amino acids and has high concentration of Catechins to relieve stomach and intestinal problems, lower blood pressure, burn fat, increase metabolism and help combat cholesterol.

Dragon Well or Long Jing Tea is maybe the most well known Green Tea originating from Hangzhou. Produced mainly by hand it’s renowned for its high quality earning it the China Famous Tea title. The tea is pan fried with tasteless frying oil obtained from tea seeds and other plants. Long Jing Tea leaves are roasted early after picking to stop the natural oxidation process. The tea produces a yellowish green colour. The tea contains Vitimin C, Amino Acids and, like finer Chinese Green Teas, has one of the highest concentrations of Catechins among teas.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 80℃, 1-2 minutes in 1st infusion and gradually increase the time in next infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

      Jasmine Green Tea春毫香片&Supreme Jasmine Green Tea銀毫香片

Jasmine Tea is a type of floral tea that has all the rich aromas from Jasmine blossoms. The well known tea used to be only restricted to those of the Imperial Court, only ever available to royalty. Jasmine Tea has a Green Tea base and combined with the floral aroma it gives off a subtly sweet and highly fragrant taste. This tea is the most famous scented tea in China. 

Known since the Song Dynasty it was not widely known until the Qing Dynasty. The Jasmine plant is grown at high elevations in the mountains and tea produced in the Fujian province is most well known.   

Jasmine Tea is widely known to lower your blood pressure and strengthen the immune system. It is also said to lower cholesterol, slow down the ageing process and assist weight loss.

The mixture of Jasmine and Green Tea will bring you the benefits of both Green Tea and Jasmine Tea. Jasmine Green Tea is highly regarded as the most fragrant and popular scented flower green tea. The tea is light, delicate, and slightly sweet with jasmine fragrance. It is rich in Vitamin C and facilitates digestion, bowel movement and facial nourishment, controls hormone and helps weight control.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 80-85℃, around 2 minutes in 1st infusion and around 3 minutes in 2nd infusion.

 

              Greenish Spring 碧螺春

Greenish Spring is one of the ten most famous green teas in China. The leaves are compact, tender and wonderfully fresh and aromatic. When brewed, the tea has a strong, refreshing smell and taste.  Without fermentation, it is rich in Vitamin C, amino acids and the highest concentration of catechins to relieve stomach and intestinal problems, lower blood pressure, burn fat, increase metabolism and helps combat cholesterol.

Biluochun or Greenish Spring Tea is a famous tea that originates from Dongting mountain region near Lake Tai, Jiangsu. The tea is renowned for its floral aroma and fruity taste. The name Biluochun literally means ‘Green Snail Spring’ because the green tea is rolled into a tight spiral, resembling a snail shell, and is cropped in early spring.

The original name for the tea was Xia Sha Ren Xiang which literally translates as ‘scary fragrance’. The name came from an old folktale that talk of a tea picker who ran out of space in her basket and had to put the tea in between her breasts. The warmth of her body caused the tea to emit a strong aroma that surprised the girl leading to the tea being called ‘scary fragrance’. However the name was later changed by the Emperor Kangxi in his 38th year of rule when he visited Lake Tai and came upon the tea. He decided to give the tea a more elegant name – ‘Greenish Spring’.

Greenish Spring produced in Dongting, the leaves are slimy and in the shape of snail shells. The white tips are exposed and are full of cilia bearing a strong aroma. After brewing the tea the leaves stay on the bottom of the cup while maintaining its bright olive colour. Greenish Spring does not have a fermentation process so it keeps the natural antioxidants and vitamins found in the leaves.

Today, Greenish Spring is also grown in Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces. The leaves from these provinces are larger and less uniform. They taste is more nutty and smooth. However, Greenish Spring from Dong Shan (East Mountain) is considered the best.

Brewing guidelines        2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 80℃, 1-2 minutes in 1st infusion and gradually increase the time in next infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

 

Oolong Tea烏龍

A refreshing semi fermented tea, with a slightly floral aroma, full-bodied favour and long lasting after taste.  It is rich in antioxidants polyphenols to effectively enhance beauty by delaying signs of aging, and improve strength of the spleen and kidneys.

There are a vast range of different Oolong Teas, some light like Green Tea and some dark like Black Tea. The range also includes an extensive variety of flavours from sweet to dark and chocolaty. The leaves are crushed and bruised to encourage the oxidation of the leaves and then they are fired or baked to stop oxidation at a specific level.

Brewing guidelines 2-3 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 90℃, 1-2 minutes in 1st infusion, gradually increase the time in next infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

 

              Iron Buddha 觀音

Iron Buddha Tea is a premium variety of Chinese Oolong Tea originated in the 19th century in Anxi in Fujian province. Iron Buddha is also known as Tie Guan Yin was originally produced in different areas of Anxi however production has since extended to other regions in China. The tea is named after the Chinese Goddess of Mercy (Guan Yin) an embodiment of Buddha. Guan Yin is often portrayed as a female but is in fact a male.

                There are two legends behind the tea explain its origins: Wei and Wang.

Wei’s legend talks of a rundown temple which had an iron statue of Guan Yin and everyday Wei, a poor tea farmer, would pass by and see the temple condition worsen. The farmer thought to himself that something must be done about the temple but being poor he did not have the means to repair the temple. Instead he brought a broom to clean the temple and incense as an offering to Guan Yin. He did this twice a month, for many months. One night, Guan Yin appeared to him in a dream and told him of a cave behind the temple where a treasure awaits him. He was to take this treasure and share it with others. When the farmer went to the cave he found a single tea shoot. He planted the shoot in his field and nurtured it into a large bush, from which the finest tea was produced. He gave the cuttings of this special plant to his neighbours and began to sell the tea under the name Tie Guan Yin or Iron Buddha as we know it today.

Wangs' legend talks about a scholar named Wang who accidently discovered a small tea plant beneath the Guan Yin rock in Xiping. He brought the plant back to his home and nurtured it. When Wang visited Emperor Qianlong in his 6th year of reign he offered the tea as a gift from his native village. Emperor Qianlong was so impressed he enquired more about the teas origin. The Emperor decided that since the tea was discovered beneath the Guan Yin rock he would call it Guan Yin Tea.

     Floral Favour Iron Buddha 清香鐵觀音

Iron Buddha with floral flavour is a light golden infusion tea with a smooth taste and a sweet finish.  It is a semi-fermented tea with a floral flavour, is rich in antioxidants polyphenols which effectively enhances beauty, lowers blood cholesterols and other fatty acids. 

Brewing guidelines        2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 90℃, around 2 minute in 1st infusion, gradually increase the time in next infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

     Strong Flavour Iron Buddha 濃香鐵觀音

Iron Buddha has a stronger flavour is a thick golden infusion tea with a smooth body and a deep finish.  It is rich in antioxidants polyphenols which can effectively enhance beauty, lower blood cholesterols and other fatty acids.  

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water at 90℃, around 2 minute in 1st infusion, gradually increase the time in next infusion. It can last around 3 infusions.

 

Puer普洱

Puer is a mysterious dark fermented tea which is robust, earthy, rich and grounding. Puer is highly regarded as a general tonic for aiding digestion, relieving a hangover, reducing hypertension, controlling cholesterol and in turn help manage weight control.

Puer is a variant of post fermented tea produced in Yunnan province. This style of fermentation is when the tea leaves undergo a microbial fermentation process after they are dried and rolled. The name Puer came from the Puer County which used to be a trading post for dark tea in Imperial China.

There was no standard processing for the darkening of Puer until the postwar years in 1950s. This was due to the sudden increase in demand for the tea in Hong Kong who had a high concentration of refugees from the mainland. In the 1970s the improved process was taken back to Yunnan for further development and this resulted in the different variation of production styles today. Even till this day Puer Tea is a staple beverage in Cantonese Dim Sum restaurants.

When admiring the quality of Puer one should pay close attention to the colour of the tea. High quality Puer should have a reddish brown colour with a layer of golden sheen, also known as the ‘golden touch’.  There should also be a thin oily layer on top of the tea and the taste should be smooth with a solid texture and slight sweet aftertaste.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml boiled water over 100°C, around 2 minutes in 1st infusion and gradually increase the time in the next infusion. It can last for 5-6 infusions.

 

Floral Tea

Floral Tea, unlike traditional teas, is infused with flowers and not the leaves of tea bushes. The tea is typically made up of hot water with dried flowers or fruits. Among the Chinese, Floral/Herbal Tea is known as Liang Cha. The literal translation is 'cooling tea' as the Chinese believe it cools down the chi in the body.

               Chrysanthemum Tea菊花

Chrysanthemum Tea is one of China’s most popular floral teas. It is very refreshing and has a natural sweet fragrance and taste. This tea is well known for its cooling property that helps to decrease body heat and is recommended for those with influenza, fever and sore throat. It helps maintain healthy eyes and is recommended serve with sugar or cold.

Chrysanthemum Tea detoxifies the blood and aids sinus congestion. It helps calm the nerves and regulates blood pressure. Modern research has established that the tea contains many nutrients such as choline, vitamin A, vitamin B1, glycosides, adenine, amino acids, flavonoids and many more. Among the many benefits Chrysanthemum Tea restrains the growth of bacteria in the body and Chinese medicines use the tea to relieve influenza and treat heatstroke. Chrysanthemum Tea is more favourably drunk with meals as it aids digestion and balances the oils in oily foods.

Brewing guidelines 4-5 flowers in 300 ml, 90-95℃ boiled water infused for 2-4 minutes.

OsmanthusTea桂花

The golden yellow Osmanthus is an Asian flower with a unique aromatic fragrance likened to sweet summer peaches. This fragrant herbal is frequently used to enhance the flavour of black or green tea, but it is also nice served alone. Helps treat phlegm and coughs including oral dryness. Also treats stomach and intestine sickness.

In China the Osmanthus flower is not only used for décor but also used to make cakes and wine. Chinese medicines believe that Osmanthus can warm the lung, relieve chills, warm the stomach and alleviate pains. They believe that the flower can dispel cold and dampness from within the body so it’s great for treating colds and lung infections.

Chinese medicine also claims that a cup of Osmanthus Tea a day can improve skin and complexion. This is because of the high concentration of various compounds found in plants that have antioxidant effects.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of flower in 300 ml, 90℃ boiled water infused for a few minutes.

      JasmineTea茉莉花

Adored as the world’s best fragrance, fresh Jasmine flowers are very sweet, delicate and pleasant. The lovely fragrance has calmative effects that soothe the nerves, while the liquor is refreshing and has a cooling effect on the body. It stimulates the sources of vital energy, relieves anxiety and regulates the function of the stomach.

Like many Chinese Tea’s Jasmine Tea is high in anti-oxidants that combats free radicals formed in the body. These free radicals are harmful to our body as it increases the ageing process and can lead to the development of cancer. Reducing these free radicals help the body slow down the aging process and lower the chances of cancer development.

Jasmine Tea also has antiviral and antibacterial properties that help prevent colds and influenza. Consumption of the tea is also believed to help early recovery for these illnesses.

Brewing guidelines 10-20 buds in 300 ml, 90℃ boiled water infused for a few minutes.

      Rosebud Tea玫瑰花

A natural rosy taste and aroma match the beauty of the pure rosebuds. Rosebud contains Vitamin C, A and K help reduce toxins and maintain beauty, regulates internal secretion and facial nourishment, cultivates blood circulation, regulates the breath and relieves stress.

Rosebud Tea is often drank to help flush out all the toxic matter from the body and it is popular to drink during the summer as it helps cool down the body. Very tasty drank hot or cold Rosebud Tea helps sooth irritated throats and helps digestion.

Brewing guidelines 8-10 buds in 300 ml, 90℃boiled water infused for 2-4 minutes.

It can regulate the flow of vital energy, dispel melancholy, invigorate the circulation of blood, alleviate pains, remove fatigue, moist skin and enrich the blood. We suggest that females should drink it more.

      Chamomile Tea洋甘菊

Chamomile Tea has the luscious golden tone and delicate flavour. It is a natural relaxant that helps soothe the nerves, skin irritations, fevers, colds and flu. It has a soothing, calming effect to relieve anxiety at bedtime.

This is one of the most popular of all herbal teas as Chamomile Tea helps with various stomach and digestive problems as a relaxant. The tea helps calm muscle spasms that directly contribute towards stomach pains and indigestive pains. Many suffers of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) has found Chamomile Tea effective in helping ease stomach pains. Women often drink Chamomile Tea to aid with menstrual pains as the relaxing properties in the tea help ease the pain. It is also a favourite to be drank before bedtimes as it helps aid with sleep.

Due to the tea’s anti-inflammatory properties Chamomile Tea helps promote healthier looking skin as it helps in clearing up skin irratiatons such as acnes, rosea, allergies and eczema.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml, 90℃ boiled water infused for a few minutes.

      Peppermint Tea薄荷

Peppermint is a minty, refreshing drink that is highly satisfying both hot and cold. It can help against an upset stomach, inhibit the growth of certain bacteria, relive digestive problems and eases headaches, bad breath, nausea and vomiting.

Peppermint Tea has healing effect due to the menthol it contains. Peppermint Tea is also another type of tea that aids with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) as it calms the muscles in the intestinal track, reducing the spasms which causes the lower abdominal pains. There is also evidence that shows that the tea helps with nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and headaches. And due to its menthol properties the tea also helps with bad breathe.

Brewing guidelines 1-2 teaspoonful of leaves in 300 ml, 90℃ boiled water infused for 4-5 minutes.

      Lavender Tea薰衣草

Lavender is a soothing and aromatic tea with light sweet taste. It is a very special herbal tea which has calming effects that helps relieve stress, fatigue and headache. It helps to relax your mind, stabilize emotion and enhance blood circulation. Drinking a cup of lavender tea before going to bed is known to promote restful sleep. 

Lavender Tea has many medical uses and it was originally introduced from France as medicine. Lavender Tea helps with the bloating of the stomach and sooth upset stomachs. Lavender Tea is also used as a sedative in traditional home remedies to help remedy insomnia.

Lavender Tea is sometimes used to relieve tension cause by stress and nerves. It is most commonly used to combat headaches and migraines. The tea reduces muscle spasms so it is sometimes used to relive stomach and menstrual pains.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of flower in 300 ml, 90℃boiled water infused for 2-4 minutes.

      Orange Peel Tea橙皮

Orange Peel tea is a fruity tea with a strong orange flavour. It is rich in Vitamin C and can act as a natural digestive aid. It is also good for reducing abdominal bloating, nausea and stimulating the appetite.

Orange Peel Tea is very effective in treating gastrointestinal problems such as constipation and IBS. It is also effective in treating nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and heartburn.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml, 90℃boiled water infused for a few minutes.

 

Red Tea

Chinese Red Tea is much like English Black Tea in appearance but is not drunk with milk or sugar. It is not known when the tea was first produced but there are records of it dating back to the Ming Dynasty.

Red Tea is picked and left to wither in the sun and once it is withered enough the leaves are bruised to cause oxidation. When the leaves have turned a dark red colour they are fried and rolled. The tea is then sorted and packaged.

When Red Tea is brewed it gives off a dark copper colour and has a strong and distinguishing fragrance.  Red Tea had the ability to induce saliva production in the mouth so drinking the tea would make the mouth feel wet rather than dry.

The flavonoids in Red Tea help reduce cholesterol in the body to prevent stokes and heart attacks. Daily intake of Rea Tea helps open the capillaries and maintain normal cholesterol and blood pressure levels.

Another great benefit of Red Tea is its cancer prevention abilities. The high levels of anti oxidants found in the tea help prevent normal cells being turned into cancer cells.

There are also trace elements of fluoride found in the tea which helps to strengthen tooth enamel, reduce plaque and fight bacteria. All these benefits help reduce the possibility of gum disease.

 

      Keemun Red Tea 祺門紅茶

Keemun Red Tea is one of the ten best Chinese teas. It forms the basis of many English Breakfast teas and can be enjoyed with milk and sugar. The brewed tea is bright red with a strong orchid fragrance with a smooth and sweet taste that aids digestion.

Keemun is produced in the Qimen County of Huangshan City in Anhui province. Compared to other Chinese teas Keemun has a relatively short history as it was first produced in 1875 by Yu Gan Chen. Yu Gan Chen was a failed civil servant who traveled to the Fujian Province in China to learn the secrets of black tea production. Before Yu’s creation Green Tea was the only tea made in Anhui. The result of Yu’s creation exceeded his expectation as the tea quickly became very popular in England, forming the basis of the English Breakfast tea blend.

Although Keemun Tea does not contain as many antioxidants as Green and White Teas is does have many other benefits due to the caffeine found in the tea. Caffeine helps energize the body and help eliminate fatigue. It is a great alternative to coffee as the caffeine levels are not as high and will not make you crash like coffee does.

Another benefit of Keemun Tea is that it increases the body’s ability to burn fat and helps lose weight.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml, 100℃ boiled water infused for 2 minutes

      Lychee Red Tea 荔枝紅茶

A flavoured red tea, scented with lychee peels. Lychee is a sweet tropical fruit, having a strong, pleasantly sweet fruity aroma. An excellent after meal tea that aids digestion. Lychee Red Tea is a strong tea combined with a lychee aroma making the tea strong yet soft.

Lychee Red Tea is believed to have numerous health benefits and it was believed in ancient China to be the remedy for various physical and psychological problems. Due to the high Vitamin C content found in Lychee’s the tea helps improve skin tone and promotes healthier looking skin. Vitamin C is also highly considered to be the best natural remedy for flu, coughs and colds. The presence of Vitamin C also helps slow the progress of cancer development and the aging process making the skin look young and youthful.

Brewing guidelines 2 teaspoonful of tea in 300 ml, 100℃ boiled water infused for 2 minutes.